About CBD

History of CBD

CBD has been used for centuries. The Romans began using hemp for healing around A.D.77. Pliny the Elder claimed that cannabis was helpful for relieving discomfort.

In 1533, Henry VIII required that hemp was grown by all farmers, and cannabis was being cultivated all over Europe. Many physicians in that era were prescribing hemp extract for maintaining wellness and as an appetite stimulant.

Even in the 1600s, North American colonies were cultivating hemp. Again, states such as Virginia created laws which required farmers to grown hemp.

CBD Cannibidol text over tincture dropper and hemp plants.

In the early 20th century, hemp as medicine began to decline as opioids began being developed.

In the 1930’s, cultivation became illegal and a war on the plant was being waged.

However, in the late 1960s, researchers discovered the role of the human endocannabinoid system in maintaining good health.

In the 1990’s, California legalized cannabis for medical treatment, and it once again began to make it’s way into medicine. With the explosion of research over the past few decades, CBD has started being readily accepted as medicine again. By 2020, sales for CBD are expected to surpass $1 billion.

FAQs

What is the difference between hemp and marijuana?

Marijuana has large amounts of the psychoactive compound THC. Hemp contains negligible amounts of THC. Hemp must contain less than .3% THC in order to be legally cultivated and will not get you “high”.

What exactly is CBD?

CBD stands for cannabidiol. It is the non-psychoactive component of the cannabis plant. The World Health Organization labeled CBD as having no public health risk or abuse potential in 2017.

How is CBD different than THC?

THC stands for tetrahydrocannabinol and is the psychoactive component of the cannabis plant which we know as “marijuana”.

How many cannabinoids are in the cannabis plant?

Currently there are over 110 known cannabinoids in the cannabis plant. CBD and THC are the 2 most abundant cannabinoids in the cannabis plant. Cannabinoids vary highly by strain.

How do cannabinoids interact with our bodies?

Through the endocannabinoid system. The endocannabinoid system is the set of receptors in the body that promote homeostasis and regulate health. The two primary receptors of the ECS are called CB1 and CB2. The CB1 receptor binds primarily to the brain and nervous system and the CB2 receptor is responsible for interacting with the immune system. Benefits manifest in the human body when the cannabinoids bind to the CB1 and CB2 receptors.

Can you take too much CBD oil?

Taking too much CBD oil can you make you sleepy, but it is non-toxic. You would have to consume a very large amount for it to have adverse effects.

What types of CBD products do you offer?

We offer Full Spectrum, Broad Spectrum, and CBD Isolate. We also offer CBG products. CBG is another lesser known cannabinoid.

What is the difference between Full Spectrum, Broad Spectrum, CBD Isolate, and CBG?

To create a CBD product, methods such as CO2 extraction will extract the cannabinoid content from the cannabis plant. While extracting the cannabinoid content, other compounds found within the plant are also extracted. These include terpenes, flavonoids, and other cannabinoids. The extract is then refined further to contain specific cannabinoids.

Full Spectrum

An extract that contains all of the compounds naturally occurring in the plant, nothing is removed. All of the compounds work together to magnify the therapeutic benefits of each individual cannabinoid, creating the “entourage effect”.

Pros: Entourage effect and full benefits, less extraction processes

Cons: May have unwanted side effects due to a small percentage of THC, stronger flavor, could cause legal issues for someone who may be drug tested.

Broad Spectrum

Similar to full spectrum, except that the THC is completely removed. This makes it possible to feel the benefits of the “entourage effect” without the psychoactive effects.

Pros: “Entourage effect” with no psychoactive effects

Cons: Strong flavor, less research

CBD Isolate

All other compounds found in the plant are removed, leaving only the purest form of CBD.

Pros: Purest form, no taste, considered very safe, no psychoactive effects, will not test positive for THC on a drug test

Cons: will not feel all of the benefits of the “entourage effect”

Great for: First time users, those who undergo drug screenings, those with sensitivities to THC, those who should use high doses of CBD, those who want no flavor.

CBG

CBG is a minor cannabinoid meaning that it is found in smaller quantities and is the chemical precursor to CBD and THC. It binds to both the CB1 and CB2 receptors and is thought to negate the psychoactive effects of THC. CBG has a variety of benefits including antioxidant properties, inflammation reduction, shows promise in fighting cancer, may be helpful with eye pressure and glaucoma, treatment of gastrointestinal disorders, and act as an antibacterial and antifungal agent, and may help stimulate appetite.

Pros: less sedating, more energizing and better focus, possibly very beneficial for autism and ADHD, stimulates appetite

Cons: Newer, less research